Hair loss is a condition that complains of a large percentage of the population. Well-groomed, thick and shiny hair is seen in all cultures as an attribute of femininity, a sign of health, and an element influencing the attractiveness of both women and men. It is, therefore, understand how much stress and discomfort can cause hair loss or thinning hair in people.
The causes of hair loss
The appearance of our hair depends to a large extent on our genes, but also on our health and lifestyle. Hair loss is a physiological phenomenon. It becomes alarming when over a hundred hairs are lost every day. Sudden hair loss can even appear as a stress response.
Excessive hair loss can be caused by:
- Malnutrition, including deficiencies of micro – and macro elements;
- Mycosis of the scalp, seborrheic dermatitis;
- Alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease where the body attacks itself);
- Systemic lupus erythematosus;
- Androgenetic alopecia – hereditary alopecia affecting both women and men;
- Drugs, especially those used in cancer chemotherapy (temporary loss), but also contraceptives, anticoagulants;
- Poisoning with heavy metals such as arsenic, thallium, mercury, etc.
A poorly chosen diet is a stimulus for excessive hair loss, mainly the lack of basic nutrients. What we eat has a special impact on how we look outside, so you should enrich your daily diet with iron, protein, or vitamin B. If hair loss is extreme (alopecia), you should start taking iron as soon as possible after consulting your doctor.
As we know, the lack of iron causes hypoxia in the blood, which weakens and breaks the hair. People should check all the possible nuances before taking hair growth vitamins.
Does the weather affect hair loss?
In summer, our hair is particularly vulnerable to damage. UV rays, baths in salt / chlorinated water make hair loss worse. In summer, we often forget about hair care, and it is important to keep our hair elastic and less brittle if you go out in the sun – put on a headscarf, hat or cap or spray a protective mist on your hair.
Also, when you come back from the beach or swimming pool, wash your hair! Thanks to this, you will get rid of salt or sand residues. When you use conditioners – lubricate your hair, not your scalp!
Autumn also causes many problems for our hair. During this dark season, we lose about a hundred hairs a day, and we expose them to the wind every day. So when you leave the house, pinch your hair back to avoid tearing it. If you wear a hat, expect static electricity in your hair, and our solidly styled hairstyle will wear out after a few moments. During the autumn period, herbal shampoos are helpful.
During the winter, the effects of snow and frost do not affect the hair well, so it is important to use light preparations so as not to burden them additionally. Vitamin A helps with hair loss.
Hair loss in men – an embarrassing problem
Gentlemen, as a rule, are ashamed of baldness and ignore this problem, unfortunately. Meanwhile, the proper diagnosis of ailments helps to combat this problem. Alopecia in men usually begins after the age of 40 and is usually caused by the weakening of the hair follicles and reduced pigmentation. Genes are responsible for the fall in hair in the male sex.
In men, hair loss often takes the form of alopecia areata; in short, there are plaques on the head where there is no hair. These types of diseases should always be treated under medical supervision. In addition to alopecia areata, men are also affected by the so-called androgenic alopecia, which is characterized by hair loss at the top of the head and the corners of the forehead, with excessive hair the ears, the back, and nose.
You need a balanced diet and, above all, consultation with a specialist. The doctor must check whether the cause of baldness is any disease or infection.
Hair loss in women
Alopecia in women may have various causes. We can blame the hormonal imbalance, usually after menopause (androgenetic alopecia), or our genes and contraceptives.
- Women lose hair due to:
- Lack of iron,
- The postpartum period (between 11 and 16 weeks after giving birth, hair thinning, which grows back after about half a year).
If you are losing your hair for no reason, be sure to contact a dermatologist who will determine the cause of your problem. It may be due to, for example:
- The trouble with the glands that produce hormones, e.g., thyroid, pituitary;
- Excess androgen in the body, the main cause of which is PCOS, childbirth, or menopause. When female hormones drop, the hair becomes weak and brittle and begins to fall out;
- Excessive hypersensitivity of the bulbs to androgens: this is a genetic condition, even if the level of androgens is not elevated, it can be a trigger for hair loss, in which case it is called hyperandrogenism.
Hair loss – diagnosis
Si how to find hair loss cure? People suffering from hair loss should consult a trichologist. Considering that hair loss is caused by several different factors, a thorough medical interview with the patient is important to identify the cause of this ailment.
During diagnostics, it should be determined whether the problem has occurred suddenly or has persisted for a long time and whether the patient is currently taking any medications. Possible allergies and diet also require arrangements. In women, additional information is obtained on the date of the last menstruation, pregnancy or menopause.
The trichologist then examines the scalp and hair using a trichoscopy, a device thanks to which a specific area is enlarged even over 200 times. Sometimes a few hairs are pulled out to examine their roots carefully. In unclear cases, it is necessary to extend the diagnosis with additional tests.
Self-treatment and use of drugs without a doctor’s opinion can be harmful to your health. Appropriate professional advice should be obtained before taking medications on your own. It may even make the problem worse. Additional tests can help identify the underlying cause of baldness or partial hair loss. Very often the cause is stress or malfunctioning of the thyroid gland. You should pass through all tests before using hair growth products.
How To Treat Hair Loss?
Many of the causes mentioned above of hair loss are curable, so it’s important to identify and treat effectively. Often, getting rid of the underlying disease or eliminating bad habits allows you to get rid of this unpleasant symptom.
One of the methods of preventing hair loss is rubbing special preparations into the scalp to strengthen the hair’s condition, proper diet, care, and hygiene. You should know about that before searching the baldness cure.
When using the preparations, remember that the therapy is long-lasting, and you should not be discouraged by the lack of improvement for the first several or several weeks. If there are no results, you can try one of the numerous hair thickening methods or, as a last resort, perform a hair transplant.
Laser devices – some special combs and brushes produce laser light to stimulate hair growth. Thanks to the use of the laser, the hair becomes thicker and healthier.
Finasteride – is a specific product intended for men and inhibits the hair loss process. It is available in the form of tablets that work by stopping DHT production, the male hormone that increases the risk of hair loss. The preparation is available only on prescription.
Thickening – non-surgical hair thickening is dedicated to people whose hair follicles have not shown any activity for years, so it is impossible to improve again. This treatment consists of attaching a special micro-skin in place of the baldness, in which there is hair individually selected for the patient. Thanks to this, it is possible to obtain his old hairstyle.
How to avoid hair loss?
Below are preventive measures to help avoid hair loss.
1. Avoid hot styling.
2. Try to minimize stress and take hair vitamins.
3. If you are taking preparations that aggravate the problem of hair loss – consult a doctor. It is contraindicated to withdraw medications prescribed by a doctor!
4. Do not ignore the problem of hair loss and, in any case, consult a trichologist. It will help you find the cause of your problem and tell you about the possible consequences.
5. Try to wash and dry your hair properly (eg, don’t rinse your hair with hot water). Contrary to appearances, these activities have a great impact on hair loss.
It should be understood that the problem can be solved in the early stages if the body does not have serious hormonal disorders or an innate predisposition to baldness. Alopecia in men is treated with various medications for hair restoration such as Minoxidil. It should be noted that this is true for those who have hair loss at the crown. A receding hairline on the forehead is difficult to treat. You should consider a partial hair transplant in order to solve the problem.